As a rule, rheumatic diseases are characterized by joint problems: pain, deformations, joint mobility problems. And if you observe any of the listed symptoms, you should contact a rheumatologist as soon as possible. The specialist will provide qualified consultation and an effective solution to the problem.
What does a rheumatologist do?
When diagnosing the disease, all types of laboratory, functional, X-ray, radioisotope studies are used, including:
- laboratory (clinical and biochemical blood analysis) and immunoserological diagnostics;
- X-ray of joints and spine;
- ultrasound diagnostics of joints and soft tissues;
- magnetic resonance imaging;
- computed tomography;
- electrocardiogram (ECG);
- echocardiogram (ECHO-CG, ultrasound of the heart);
- synovial fluid analysis;
- diagnostic joint puncture with biopsy.
After diagnosis, an individual treatment scheme is prescribed, which usually includes curative and preventive measures, taking basic and symptomatic drugs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormones, cytostatics, immunosuppressants, chondroprotectors, bisphosphonates and immunobiological drugs), as well as intra-articular injections (prolonged hormones or hyaluronic acid preparations). The course of treatment also depends on the individual characteristics of the body, the stage and severity of the disease, as well as the age and capabilities of the patient.
If necessary, the patient will be offered treatment in the conditions of a day hospital using:
- physical therapy;
- manual therapy.